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PHYB56 Introduction to Quantum Physics

Resources for Dr. Bayer's course offering.

Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Here are some links that provide some guidance on writing annotated bibliographies:

The Writing Centre

The Writing Centre offers invaluable services to students (learn to become a better writer!) and offers many different kinds of help:

  • drop-in sessions
  • individual consultations
  • workshops
  • clinics
  • online writing handouts

Click on Student Resources to get more information about each of these services.

    Managing Citations

    Collecting and organizing citations can be one of the more frustrating tasks of research. Citation management software can help you save time by:

    • collecting citations (to articles, books, websites, etc.) from databases, library catalogues, web, etc.
    • organizing, editing and searching for citations
    • inserting and formatting citations and bibliographies into word processing
    • automatically formatting and reformatting references in particular styles e.g. APA, CBE/CSE or a particular journal

    U of T subscribes to RefWorks, a database that lets you add references from the library catalogue and article databases. RefWorks also works with Microsoft Word to allow you to format your in-text citations and reference list more easily. (Need some help using RefWorks? Check out the RefWorks Basics page.)

    You can also use a number of free citation management services, such as Zotero. Wikipedia offers a comparison of various free and fee services to help you find one that meets your needs. A comparison of citation management software supported by U of T is also available.

    No citation management software is perfect! For example, it's easier to add books from the library catalogue to RefWorks, but it's easier to add blogs or websites to Zotero - and no software can tell you how and when to cite your sources.  However, citation management software can save you valuable time formatting and organizing your research.

    Writing Centre online

    Need help with citation?  Go to the

    Writing Centre's Citation Guides Page

    Writing Centre citation guides

    Free Software