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Useful resources for 4th year biology thesis students at UTSC.


Wikipedia is a great resource, especially when you are just getting started on research. You will generally find a complete and well-cited overview of the topic. However, since anyone can add to wikipedia, it is not 100% trustworthy. As you are doing your research, use wikipedia to help you find sources  and understand what to look for - in other words, use it as a jumping off point for your research, but do not cite wikipedia itself. 

Evaluating websites - video


The content on this page has been re-used with permission from the Heather Cunningham's (Gerstein Science Information Centre's) Biology Library Research guide.

Evaluating information from the web

Consider these criteria when looking for information on web sites:

Accuracy Is the information factual, not opinion?
How valid is the research that is the source?
Is the site free of errors in spelling or grammar and other signs of carelessness in its presentation of the material?
Authority Is the author's name given?
Are her/his qualifications specified?
Is the author affiliated with a reputable institution or organization?
Has the author written elsewhere on this topic?
If this is an organization or business website, are they qualified to speak on this topic?
Are additional electronic and print sources referenced to complement or support the material presented?
Bias Is the information factual, not opinion?
Where arguments are given, are they based on strong evidence and good logic?
Is the author's point of view impartial and objective?
Is the author's language free of emotion and bias?
Audience level What audience is the Web site designed for?
Is it too basic or too technical for your needs?
Currency is this web site current?
Is the date of the most recent update given?
If this is a book or article, how old is the information?

Evaluating Web Information Links