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Master of Health Informatics (MHI)

What is Grey Literature?

Grey Literature in a Nut Shell

  • Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry
  • in electronic and print formats
  • not controlled by commercial publishing
  • i.e.) where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body.

(Luxembourg, 1997 - Expanded in New York, 2004)

Broken Links

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How to Find Grey Literature

Grey literature is not easily found-- which is what makes it 'grey'! 

Expect that in your search for Grey Lit you will click on many links, and perform many searches.


Places to start:

  • Relevant government websites, for example Health Canada or the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.
  • Newspaper and Magazine articles
  • Government documents in print (at Robarts Library, 4th Floor Reference area)
  • Canadian Government Documents (Custom Google Search maintained by Carleton University) - searches municipal, provincial, and federal documents
  • Google and Google Scholar-- use " " to find exact phrases such as the name of an Act or Agency, and include geographical information if required. For example: "Health Information Protection Act" Ontario

Recommended Guides to Grey Lit

Useful Databases