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Undergraduate Medical Education

Materials to support informatics education in UME

What is Grey Literature?

Grey Literature in a Nutshell

  • Information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry
  • in electronic and print formats
  • not controlled by commercial publishing
  • i.e.) where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body.

(Luxembourg, 1997 - Expanded in New York, 2004)

How to Find Grey Lit

Grey literature is not easily found-- which is what makes it 'grey'! 

Expect that in your search for Grey Lit you will click on many links, and perform many searches.

Places to start:

  • Relevant government and association websites, for example Health Canada or the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.
  • Newspaper and Magazine articles
  • Government documents in print (at Robarts Library, 4th Floor Reference area)
  • Google and Google Scholar-- use " " to find exact phrases such as the name of an Act or Agency, and include geographical information if required. For example: "Health Information Protection Act" Ontario


  • Use consistent terminoloy to search each source

Recommended Guides to Grey Lit