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Gerstein Science Information Centre

BIO120: Adaptation and Biodiversity

This guide will assist BIO120 students, as well as other biology students, when starting to look for and gather research for papers and assignments.

Integrating Sources

So you've found and selected sources - now what? The next step is to integrate those sources into your assignment. You do this in order to give strength to your argument and to demonstrate to your instructor that you are knowledgeable about the topic. Integrating a source also means using another author’s writing to help build your credibility. Just be sure to cite everything you use to give credit to the authors who inspired and informed your work.

An example of integrating sources

SOURCE: Willmott AP, Burquez A. 1996. The pollination of Merremia palmeri (Convolvulaceae): Can hawk moths be trusted? Am J Bot 83: 1050-1056.