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Research Guides

MIE344: Ergonomic Design of Information Systems

The CRAAP Test

Using less credible sources to support design claims can lead to a less credible design. Before using any source, evaluate it for credibility. One method of evaluation is the CRAAP Test. The CRAAP Test tests the: 

  • Currency or timeliness of the information
  • Relevance of the information to your question
  • Authority on the topic of the authors of the source 
  • Accuracy of the information
  • Purpose of the information

Use the worksheet below to help evaluate sources:

Scholarly vs. popular articles

When doing research, people use a variety of sources. Popular articles are a good starting point and place to get background information. Scholarly or research articles are considered credible sources of information and can help support claims through research.

Scholarly articles... Popular articles...
are written by researchers, university faculty and scholars are written by free-lance or salaried reporters and writers
use the technical language of a specific research area use language the general public would understand
usually have a reference list and may be peer-reviewed* rarely have a reference list

*Peer-review articles are assessed for quality by researchers in the field before they are published. These articles are considered to have a high level of credibility.

Use Ulrichsweb directory below to help determine if a journal or periodical is peer-reviewed: