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Peer Review

This guide gives general information on the peer review process, including how to determine if a journal publishes peer reviewed articles.

What is peer review?

Peer review is the process by which scholars critically appraise each other's work. It is intended to ensure a high level of scholarship in a journal and to improve the quality and readability of a manuscript.

The peer review process is applied to both primary articles (i.e. articles which present findings from original research) and to review articles that summarize primary research.]

How it works

When the manuscript of an article is submitted to a peer-reviewed journal, independent experts are asked to read and comment on the manuscript. If approved by the reviewers, the manuscript is accepted for publication as an article in the journal. 

diagram of peer review process

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Video on peer review

3 minute video describes the peer review process: