“A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making.”
- Cochrane Library, About Cochrane Systematic Reviews
A systematic review is not the same as a narrative review or a literature review. Unlike other kinds of reviews, systematic reviews must be as thorough and unbiased as possible, and must also make explicit how the search was conducted.
Source of video: Cochrane
The usual steps that are followed ina systematic review are:
This article outlines the steps in performing a systematic review: Umscheid, C.A. 2013. A Primer on performing systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Clin Infect Dis 57(5): 725-734. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit333.
Finding What Works in Health Care: Standards for Systematic Reviews
Institute of Medicine (IOM), 2011
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions
Cochrane Collaboration, 2011
Systematic Reviews: CRD's guidance for undertaking reviews in health care
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (University of York)
Campbell Collaboration Policies and Guidelines Series
Systematic reviews of social interventions
JBI Reviewers Manual
Joanna Briggs Institute guide to conducting JBI systematic reviews
Guidance on reporting your systematic review is found in Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: the PRISMA Statement.
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