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POLA02: Critical Issues in Politics I: Revolutions

What are Scholarly Sources?

In brief, scholarly sources are:

  • Written by experts for experts
  • Based on original research or intellectual inquiry
  • Provides citations for all sources used

What are some examples of scholarly sources?

  • Books published by university presses or academic presses
  • Articles published in peer reviewed or scholarly journals --> All peer reviewed articles are scholarly, but not all scholarly articles are peer reviewed. This can get confusing, so use U of T's databases to help you limit your results to peer reviewed and scholarly sources

What are some examples of popular sources?

  • Published for a general audience, including all news (New York TImes). Examples: National Geographic, Scientific American, Popular Psychology

What are some examples of professional sources?

  • In general they are more specialized than popular sources but not as specialized as academic sources. Examples: Publishers Weekly, Variety, Education Digest

What is Peer Review?

Peer review, also known as refereeing, is the process by which scholars critically appraise each other's work. It is intended to ensure a high level of scholarship in a journal and to improve the quality and readability of a manuscript.

The peer review process is applied to both primary articles (i.e. articles which present findings from original research) and to review articles that summarize primary research.

How it works

When the manuscript of an article is submitted to a peer-reviewed journal, independent experts are asked to read and comment on the manuscript. If approved by the reviewers, the manuscript is accepted for publication as an article in the journal. 

diagram of peer review process

(Image source)